The proslavery argument in the us

Defenders of slavery turned to the courts, who had ruled, with the Dred Scott Decisionthat all blacks — not just slaves — had no legal standing as persons in our courts — they were property, and the Constitution protected slave-holders' rights to their property.

Pro-slavery and abolitionist arguments of the antebellum period

I hope to show that this theory is woefully inadequate as an account of Afro-American slavery and, further, that Locke knew this There was the potential, in many Southern minds, for a relatively short transition away from slavery. They pointed to the mob's "rule of terror" during the French Revolution and argued for the continuation of the status quo, which was providing for affluence and stability for the slaveholding class and for all free people who enjoyed the bounty of the slave society. The Ebony Idol. Instead of being oppressed to feed a large family, like the labourer in Europe, the more children he has, the richer he becomes; for the moment a child is born, the parents receive the same quantity of food for its support, as if it were a grown person; and in the case of their own death, if they have any reflection, they will quit the world with the certainty, of their children being brought up with the same care they formerly experienced themselves. Therefore, when abolition was proposed, many Christians spoke vociferously against it, citing the Bible's acceptance of slavery as 'proof' that it was part of the normal condition. Colfax's pseudoscientific conclusions were reproduced in one form or another as late as the twentieth century.

The children of Israel themselves were slaveholders and were not condemned for it. For centuries philosophers as varied as AristotleThomas Aquinasand John Locke accepted slavery as part of a proper social system. Bleeding Kansas became a worst case example where the competing views broke down into outright guerrilla warfare.

benefits of abolishing slavery

In an era captivated by a countervailing system of thought [to proslavery arguments], a proslavery perspective had no place. His biblical justification provided a certain degree of moral authority for the pro-slavery position during the decades that followed: With regard to the assertion that slavery is against the spirit of Christianity, we are ready to admit the general assertion, but deny most positively that there is anything in the Old or New Testament which would go to show that slavery, when once introduced, ought at all events to be abrogated, or that the master commits any offense in holding slaves.

Locke's silence about the Afro-American slave practices that he helped forward remains profoundly unsettling and poses one of the greatest problems for understanding Locke as a theorist and political actor [6] While Locke criticised slavery as "so vile and miserable an estate of man", [7] Farr argues that this statement was meant primarily as a condemnation of the enslavement of the English which Locke accused advocates of absolute monarchy as effectively proposingnot necessarily as a judgement of the African slave trade.

According to fitzhugh, why are slaves better off?

In defense, Southern writers, intellectuals, and clergy began producing their own literature meant to position slavery as integral to the nation's honor, economic future, and moral stability. Southern pro-slavery theorists asserted that slavery eliminated this problem by elevating all free people to the status of "citizen", and removing the landless poor the "mudsill" from the political process entirely by means of enslavement. Also, that if all the slaves were freed it would lead to unemployment and chaos all over the United States. According to historian Larry E. However this perspective rapidly changed as the worldwide demand for sugar and cotton from America increased and the Louisiana Purchase opened up vast new territories ideally suited for a plantation economy. Such unrest was used by many as a reason to continue slavery. Although paternalism is a complex concept and has implications for a number of historical debates around the nature of slave labor and masters' economic investment in productive workers, the key aspect of paternalism for the proslavery position was that the ideology produced romantic archetypes of enslaved people that reduced them to specific types. These archetypes found their way into much Southern writing, whether it was explicitly proslavery or merely romantic literature. Flanders's The Ebony Idol attempted to expose the inherent racism of the abolitionist movement. Slavery was vital for the continuance of a superior Southern lifestyle which emphasized good manners and graciousness; they did not want to become like the fast-paced, money-grubbing North. Slavery had become a subject of vital interest to everyone in the United States. You judge of slavery from your own sleek and well-conditioned households, where it exists in its mildest and kindest form. One day it is a boy that has run away, the next day a girl, then a man and his wife: then a mother and her children: then a superannuated old man.

During the s, this arguement was taken quite seriously, even in scientific circles. Further information: The Bible and SlaveryChristian views on slaveryCurse of Hamand Curse and mark of Cain Passages in the Bible which justify and regulate the institution of slavery have been used as a justification for the keeping of slaves throughout history, and they have also been used as a source of guidance on how it should be done.

Indeed, according to some of their accounts, slavery provided blacks with a nearly ideal welfare state—security from cradle to grave and free medical care.

Pro slavery arguments primary sources

Indeed, for paternalists, the loving care mammies showed white children was not compelled by the lash—being permitted to give it was the highest honor African American women could receive in the plantation household. Therefore, when abolition was proposed, many Christians spoke vociferously against it, citing the Bible's acceptance of slavery as 'proof' that it was part of the normal condition. Often the former were rooted in popular pseudoscientific theories developed in the wake of the European Enlightenment. In , the Methodist Episcopal Church split into northern and southern wings over the issue of slavery. Even with all the training, the helps, and motives of civilization, we find that this aversion cannot be overcome in many individuals of the most cultivated societies. Tise challenged this common belief about proslavery arguments. The children of Israel themselves were slaveholders and were not condemned for it. Economic inefficiency was the most common justification for this prediction. Tischler, Nancy M. September 6, Rush, Caroline. They point to the Ten Commandments, noting that "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, Those who defended slavery rose to the challenge set forth by the Abolitionists. Thus, the greatest threat to democracy was seen as coming from class warfare that destabilized a nation's economy, society, government, and threatened the peaceful and harmonious implementation of laws. The cotton economy would collapse.
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The Southern Argument for Slavery []