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Honestly, a wonderful read. Irv welcomed and inaugurated me into disability studies with his astonishing six shelves of disability studies books and an adamant invitation to SDS.

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The book provides a comprehensive overview of the study of talk. However, for me Stigma is not an ossified text completed in Garland-Thomson, Rosemarie. Depending on who you're speaking with a teacher, a child, a loved one, a friend, a pet, etc. And his examination of Lady Chatterley's Lover leads exactly to the problem of the true client, of who is the true client; Battye's interest is in how a representation that seems to be of Lord Chatterly is finally a representation for, in the service of, others, we might say of relatives, police and judges, and in particular for Lady Chatterley and her lover. Page I was the only person I knew thinking, talking, and writing about representations of disability. Stigma: Notes on Spoiled Identity. He argues that disability studies has successfully adapted Goffman's project in ways that address the glaring problems of the original text and continue to help move the field forward. But again, those who work in disability studies today have been able to adapt Goffman's work and show how stigma changes over time, often due to the actions of disabled people themselves.

However, I have also received comments implying that we should leave behind the topic of stigma and focus more exclusively on disability empowerment. That "Stigma" is in italics—that is, my subject is how a group of disabled writers managed Goffman's book of that title in the immediate aftermath of its publication.

But I want to suggest that even more key for our field is the other book called Stigma, the one that came out two years later in England, Stigma: The Experience of Disability.

While I want there to be more studies of disability agency, I do not see the study of stigma and empowerment as mutually exclusive and I do not want to imagine a disability studies field that ignores stigma.

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While some disability scholars have correctly identified the flaws in Stigma, many of us have adapted the work in ways that have addressed those critiques and allowed Goffman's project to evolve along with disability studies. The stigmatized should allow intrusive questions and agree to be helped. Therefore the occasionally precarious and the constantly precarious form a single continuum" 2, There is no citation of Goffman in Hunt's Stigma. As an historian I agree completely with this critique, but it is also easy to historicize Goffman's writing and examine how stigma changes over time. Shrivastava and fellow researchers provide an individual approach: One of the key requirements for success of early intervention programs is to formulate anti-stigma measures. Within public health arguably a discipline that attempts to blend social, behavioural and clinical sciences , there seems to be a whole stigma industry, which serves a very practical orientation: operationalising, measuring, and acting to minimise stigma. Anyway, I take her out sometimes and she often says that children have done something - made a rude face or tried to hit her. When teaching disability history I like students to read scholars like Douglas Baynton and Susan Schweik who offer macro, historical, structural explanations of stigma and then pivot to Rosemarie Garland-Thomson's work to understand the way these larger historical forces affect individuals and influence interpersonal encounters. By this time, by the way, Wallace was a disabled governor, paralyzed two years earlier when he was shot during a run for president. His generalizations about stigma would not account for the vast changes that came in the following decades with the more visible disability rights and disability pride movements, nor did his generalizations account for the s activists during Goffman's own time.

Really, it is the sort of short book that should take an afternoon, well, or a life time. My first encounter with Goffman's Stigma was in my graduate studies in English at Brandies University.

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Among her many contributions to disability studies and bioethics, she co-edited, with Michelle Fine, the special issue of The Journal of Social Issues in to mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of Stigma.

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Overview of the Book Stigma by Erving Goffman