Masculinity gender and violence
Since then, the return to toxic masculinity has leaked from academic literature to wide cultural circulation. But toxic masculinity itself is not a cause. Acts of ideological masculinity Ideological masculinity is radical.
By focusing on culture, people who oppose toxic masculinity can inadvertently collude with institutions that perpetuate it.
Recognizing differences in the lives of men and boys is crucial to the effectiveness of efforts to resolve gender violence and inequality.
In some educational settingsthese programs are becoming mandatory. Any serious framework for preventing violence against women will address alcohol availability as well as masculine norms and sexism.
While this goes some way to identifying and labelling the problem, comparatively less work has been done to explore its underlying factors. Solutions were rooted in cultural pride, tailored to local contexts, and underpinned by recognition of the intergenerational impacts of racism and trauma.
A recent analysis showed that women in Melbourne face habitual sexual harassment in public space and feel unsafe, particularly in the evenings. But as Connell and her cohort have spent years demonstrating, material realities matter.
Masculinity gender and violence
From online abuse to violence against women in public places, ideological masculinity is emerging as a form of violent extremism. Many progressives, meanwhile, contend that the detoxification of masculinity is an essential pathway to gender equality. Many commentators have framed the problem of violence against women perpetrated by men as being the result of toxic masculinity, defined by male entitlement and abuse of power. Research consistently shows that boys and men who hold sexist attitudes are more likely to perpetrate gendered violence. The problem with a crusade against toxic masculinity is that in targeting culture as the enemy, it risks overlooking the real-life conditions and forces that sustain culture. Beyond toxic masculinity as a mere normative label, the end state of ideological masculinity is the subordination of women to men grounded in deep resentment and indeed hatred. Responses to gender inequality in professional workplaces, such as programs to stamp out sexism in employment culture and practices , have particular purchase in middle-class communities. They play out their anger and resentment through violent acts, justifying these as merely reclaiming what they believe is rightfully theirs. Others call for the death of feminists and incite violence against women. Those roots are quite different than, for example, the roots evident in majority white, wealthy communities, where male violence and sexism are commonplace. He currently serves on the board of directors for the International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation. Amid this heated discourse, newspaper and magazine articles have blamed toxic masculinity for rape , murder , mass shootings , gang violence , online trolling , climate change , Brexit , and the election of Donald Trump. However, there is strong evidence that the density of liquor shops in a given geographic area increases the local rate of domestic violence. In one Australian Aboriginal violence-prevention program that I evaluated with colleagues, Aboriginal educators worked in partnership with men and boys to identify the key drivers of gendered violence and inequality. The concept of toxic masculinity encourages an assumption that the causes of male violence and other social problems are the same everywhere, and therefore, that the solutions are the same as well.
We want to hear what you think about this article. This claim of a singular, real masculinity has been roundly rejected since the late s by a new sociology of masculinity.
based on 74 review