Features of indian constitution
Basic features of indian constitution ppt
It can reject any law which is found to be unconstitutional. The Constitution lays down that the freedom of life and liberty cannot be limited or denied except in accordance with the procedure established by law. Nobody holds any patent rights in the fundamental ideas of the Constitution. There are 21 State High Courts working in all parts of India. Reservation system is also in existence in the Panchayats and Municipal Councils. It states in nutshell the nature of Indian state and the objectives it is committed to secure for the people. India is not ruled by a monarch or a nominated head of state. Thus along with Panchayati Raj, the Constitutional legitimacy to the Nagar palika system forms an important and outstanding feature of the Indian Constitution. The Directives aiming social justice include, among others, facilities and opportunities for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, women, children, workers, etc. The structural part of the Constitution of India has been derived from the Government of India Act, Originally, it consisted of articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules, but it has been amended from time to time. The Indian constitution contains all these features. Indian Constitution is a very detailed constitution. The Directive Principles of State Policy and the Fundamental Rights together constitute the conscience of the Constitution and represent the basic rights inherent in the people of India.
Federalism in India: The Constitution of India provides for division of power between the Union and the State governments. Written Constitution, supremacy of the Constitution, division of powers between Union and States, bicameral Legislature, independent Judiciary, etc are the features of Indian federation.
It works for preventing the violations of human rights of the people.
The Eleventh Schedule provides a list of 29 subjects which may be devolved to the village panchayats by the State concerned. The federal system reflects the constitutional value of unity and integrity of the nation, and more importantly the value of decentralization of power.
Australian Constitution Freedom of trade and commerce within the country and between the States, Concurrent List.
It gives to all religions freedom to establish and maintain their religious institutions. However, by providing a very strong centre, a common constitution, single citizenship, emergency provisions, common election commission, common all India services etc. Each new assembly had sovereign power to draft and enact a new constitution for the separate states.
It represents the states of the Indian union. The Supreme Court is the highest court of the land. Parliamentary Form of Government The Indian Constitution has opted for the Parliamentary form of government on the pattern of the British parliamentary system of government.
Features of indian constitution class 9
Orissa has 21 seats out of which some seats are reserved for the people belonging to SCs and STs. It empowers the Parliament even to create a new state or abolish an existing state or alter its boundaries. The detailed provisions relating to Centre-State relations including the emergency provisions. The Constitution permitted the continuation of use of the English language for official purposes. Absence of arbitrary power is the first essential of Rule of Law upon which our whole constitutional system is based. In general, it means some form of ownership of the means of production and distribution by the State. By it, the Supreme Court determines the constitutional validity of all laws made by the legislatures. Power to punish for contempt of itself.
These relate to provision of equal justice for all, education, healthcare, etc. Justice, Liberty Equality and Fraternity are the essential features of a democracy. Mukherjee as its vice-chairman and B.
Features of indian constitution
The federal system reflects the constitutional value of unity and integrity of the nation, and more importantly the value of decentralization of power. It recognises three types of possible emergencies: 1 National Emergency Article an emergency resulting from war or external aggression or threat of external aggressions against India or from armed rebellion within India or in any of its part; 2 Constitutional Emergency in a State Article an emergency resulting from the failure of constitutional machinery in any state; or some states and 3 Financial Emergency Article an emergency resulting from a threat to financial stability of India. The salient features of the Parliamentary form of government are: Executive is part of the legislature Collective responsibility of the council of ministers to the legislature Majority party rule Leadership of the Prime Minister or the Chief Minister in the state Dissolution of the lower house Lok Sabha and state assemblies Cabinet form of government 5. These relate to provision of equal justice for all, education, healthcare, etc. Although the Supreme Court is at the national level, High Courts at the state level and subordinate courts at the district and lower level, there is a single hierarchy of Courts. Article provides for two types of amendments: Some provisions can be amended by a special majority of the Parliament i. It gives to all religions freedom to establish and maintain their religious institutions. Since its inauguration on 26th January , the Constitution India has been successfully guiding the path and progress of India.
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