A history of the iran contra affair in the reagan administration

President Reagan appeared before the Tower Commission on 2 Decemberto answer questions regarding his involvement in the affair.

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The only direct testimony linking Casey to early knowledge of the diversion came from [Oliver] North. The main objectives of the commission were to inquire into "the circumstances surrounding the Iran—Contra matter, other case studies that might reveal strengths and weaknesses in the operation of the National Security Council system under stress, and the manner in which that system has served eight different presidents since its inception in ".

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Though his diaries included that he was "one of the few people that know fully the details", he repeatedly refused to discuss the incident and won the election. The OIC had to drop the main conspiracy charges, because not all of the information was available. As reported in The New York Times in"continuing allegations that Reagan campaign officials made a deal with the Iranian Government of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in the fall of " led to "limited investigations.

Maybe you made some kind of bonehead play here. At the same time we undertook this initiative, we made clear that Iran must oppose all forms of international terrorism as a condition of progress in our relationship. He thought this was just another thing that he ought to be doing. In earlythe Reagan-appointed Tower Commission, chaired by Republican Texas Senator John Tower, found no evidence that Reagan himself was aware of the details or extent of the operation, and that the initial sale of arms to Iran had not been a criminal act.

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Though Hashemi made a full video confession to numerous serious charges, some observers find the coincidence of his leak and the subsequent prosecution highly suspicious. They were:. This was an opening with Iran, in dealing with a new element there and possible new leadership. Instability caused by the pressures of the Iraq-Iran war, economic deterioration and regime in-fighting create the potential for major changes inside Iran. This is your opportunity to rise above it. I think it had a temporary reducing of his sterling image from, say, 95 percent of those who admired him, as against—forgetting those who were detractors. It was ostensibly a private sector operation, but in fact was controlled by the NSC. But there are different interpretations that we did violate the law. All they want is honesty. The Commission had interviewed 80 witnesses to the scheme, [5] including Reagan, and two of the arms trade middlemen: Manucher Ghorbanifar and Adnan Khashoggi. Until the press reported on the existence of the operation, nobody in the administration questioned the authority of Poindexter's and North's team to implement the president's decisions". When asked about his role in authorizing the arms deals, he first stated that he had; later, he appeared to contradict himself by stating that he had no recollection of doing so. Reagan authorized the shipment to ensure that those potential events would not occur. At the Poindexter trial an agreement was made. Bush pardoned [] five administration officials who had been found guilty on charges relating to the affair.

The Soviet Union is better positioned than the U. Shultz, Don Regan agreed. No one was killed, and the worst that can happen is the President is accused of making a bad foreign policy decision.

The Iran-contra scandal 25 years later. It was impossible.

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History of the Iran