Tokugawa Period: Economy and Society The Neo-Confucian theory that dominated Japan during the Tokugawa Period recognized only four social classes—warriors samuraiartisans, farmers and merchants—and mobility between the four classes was officially prohibited.
Instead they often channelled their money into social ritual, the pursuit of pleasure and the acquisition of beautiful and often expensive objects.
Meiji Restoration As agricultural production lagged in comparison to the mercantile and commercial sectors, samurai and daimyo did not fare as well as the merchant class. The banks of the Sumida River, with its great bridges, provided places for outdoor activities: daily strolls, spring cherry-blossom viewing, relief from the summer heat, fireworks on summer nights, viewing the moon in autumn and snow in winter Following the lead of Chinese culture, women and men of all classes engaged in the traditional arts of music, painting, calligraphy, and games of skill.
They added extra laws to the military government.
Wives of Samurais and peasants had different statuses, yet their rights were similarly limited. Urban fashion spread outwards from Edo and people came from the country to seek employment during the slack agricultural season or in difficult times.
As shogunIeyasu achieved hegemony over the entire country by balancing the power of potentially hostile domains tozama with strategically placed allies fudai and collateral houses shimpan.
The artistic trends in Edo reflected a growth in popular culture and a demand for art with mass appeal.